Tag Archives: Robert A J Gagnon

On ‘Pronoun Hospitality’ – by Robert A. J. Gagnon

From Robert A. J. Gagnon:

Gregory Coles (young author of “Single, Gay, Christian: A Personal Journey of Faith and Sexual Identity,” IVP), in promoting “pronoun hospitality” for Preston Sprinkle’s organization (The Center for Faith, Sexuality & Gender), a view endorsed by the Southern Baptist President J. D. Greear, cites as exhibit A for his case Paul’s Areopagus speech to Athenian Stoics and Epicureans in Acts 17 (“What Pronouns Should Christians Use for Transgender People,” p. 12). I commented in a previous post that I was unconvinced by this alleged analogy.

Here’s why:
According to Coles, when Paul in v. 28 cites poetic lines from Epimenides’ Cretica (“In him we live and move and exist”) and Aratus’ Phaenomena (“We are his offspring”) to argue that God is not far from those who seek him and can be known, he is engaging in a form of “pronoun hospitality.” Even though the third-person in the citations originally refers to Zeus, Paul isn’t overly concerned with “determining the single ‘true’ meaning of this pronoun. . . . His possible fear that he might be misunderstood as praising the Greek conception of Zeus is superseded by his delight at the opportunity to communicate truthfully about the nature of God.”

There are at least two major problems with this argument. For one, Paul clears up any potential confusion in the very same speech. Even before citing the pagan poetry, in Luke’s telling Paul has already asserted that he will identify for his hearers the one true God: “What you piously worship in ignorance, this I am going to proclaim to you” (17:23). He corrects any false view that the one God (not multiple gods) who made “everything” “does not dwell in shrines” (17:24). After the citation, Paul corrects the false view that God can be imaged by statues (17:29). He immediately declares that God is no longer “overlooking ignorance” but now commands all to repent in view of having raised from the dead the one who will judge the world in righteousness (17:30). Thus Paul wastes little time in clarifying any potential confusion. Coles and (by inference) Sprinkle are not promoting immediate clarification.

Second, Paul directs his hearer’s attention to a generic conception of deity, not to any identification of Zeus and the God of Jesus Christ. Precisely because all humans are God’s handiwork and owe God their very breath, they must stop viewing God as something that can be fashioned by human hands. At no time does Paul pretend for the sake of his hearers that Zeus is the one true god. That’s a very different situation from directly participating in the abhorrent pretense that a man can be a woman and a woman a man.

An equivalent type of argument directed at a self-deluded “transgender” person would be to say: “We can all agree that gender is something identifiable; otherwise you would not have any conception of what you are identifying with.” Such a strategy would not be participating in gender identity delusion by referring to men and women by false pronouns and names. Rather, it would be finding common ground without participating in the lie; indeed, common ground that immediately leads to the correction of the lie..
Note too the context for Paul’s speech: “His spirit was provoked (distressed, troubled)” by how full of idols Athens was (17:16), enough so that he daily argued in the marketplace against these pious but fraudulent behaviors.

I would recommend that Gregory and Preston reread 1 Cor 8-10 on the question of eating idol meat when it is identified as such in the presence of “weak” fellow believers or even unbelievers when eating at an unbeliever’s house (10:27-29). . There is concern for weak believers being stumbled by strong believers who rightly recognize that idols have no real existence but disregard the effects of their idol associations on others (ch. 😎. Yet there is also concern for “the strong” themselves who by eating in the venue of an idol’s temple (where they can continue business and social contacts with pagans) will (1) provoke God to wrath against them and (2) put them unknowingly in league with the demonic powers that stand behind the lie about idols (10:14-22). That’s what is happening when someone participates in the lie about “transgenderism,” even if done with the intent to accommodate to the “transgender” person for future ministry outreach.

The “strong” at Corinth could have responded that by going along with the pagan associations with idolatry they were maintaining relationships for missionary outreach. Paul was having none of that kind of reasoning. I hear something similar today by Greear and others to justify calling men women and women men. This is not “generosity of spirit” or an effort at improving chances of evangelism. It is rather provocation of God, stumbling the weak who have scruples, placating the offender’s evil delusion, and putting oneself in a compromised position vis-a-vis demonic forces.

The irony is extended when Greg Coles in the same context defends his “pronoun hospitality” by appeal to Paul’s “all things to all people” passage in 1 Cor 9:19-23. The passage certainly doesn’t get Coles and Sprinkle where they want to go. Paul’s remarks clearly do not extend to participating in another’s self-deception in matters abhorrent to God, such as idolatry, even when one recognizes the idolatry to be self-deception.

It is not accidental that Paul’s “Flee idolatry” command (10:14) is paralleled by his “Flee sexual immorality” exhortation (6:18). It is ridiculous to assert that Paul would have countenanced showing a “generosity of spirit” and “pronoun hospitality” by referring to “soft men” (malakoi; 1 Cor 6:9) with female pronouns and female-specific names. Paul would no more do that than he would commend treating the mother of a man as the man’s wife (1 Cor 5; addressed also in the reference to the pornoi in 6:9, heading the offender list and only two offender groups away from the “soft men”).

So I say: Flee “pronoun hospitality,” which is idolatry.

Article originally posted to Facebook

“Pastoral Paper” by Gregory Coles – Hosted on www.centerforfaith.com

NRSV Bible Updated…Removes ‘Sodomites’

From Robert A. J. Gagnon: (via Facebook)

The NRSV has been updated (NRSVue) to make a number of changes. The most noteworthy has been to “gaywash” and eliminate clear reference to homosexual practice in the offender list in 1 Corinthians 6:9. Previously the NRSV translated as among the serial and unrepentant offenders (including self-professed believers) excluded from the Kingdom of God “male prostitutes” (the Greek word is malakoi) and “sodomites” (the Greek word is arsenokoitai). They have now changed “sodomites” to the nebulous “men who engage in illicit sex,” which does not indicate to English readers the connection to homosexual practice provided by the Greek word, contrary to both morphology and context. A textual note added by the NRSVue committee claims that the term is unclear. It isn’t.

The word literally means “men lying with (i.e., having sexual intercourse with) a male.” It is a specifically Jewish and Christian term formed from the Greek (Septuagint) translation of Hebrew Levitical prohibitions of man-male intercourse in Leviticus 18:22 and 20:13.

These Levitical texts prohibit absolutely (no exceptions) a man from lying (verb koimaomai) with a male (arsen) as though lying sexually (abstract noun koite) with a woman.* All future uses of the term arsenokoitai in Christian literature that have sufficient context to make a determination involve men lying with a male.

The parallel Semitic expression mishkav zakur (“lying with a male”) was used in the Jewish Talmud to forbid a man from having sexual intercourse with a male of any age (whether adult or minor). Both Josephus and Philo, two first century C.E. Jews, make clear from their discussion of homosexual practice that they understand the Levitical prohibitions as precluding any male same-sex relationships whatsoever.

The term or its cognates does not appear in any non-Jewish, non-Christian text prior to the sixth century A.D. This way of talking about male homosexuality is a distinctly Jewish and Christian formulation. It was undoubtedly used as a way of distinguishing their absolute opposition to homosexual practice, rooted in the Torah of Moses, from more accepting views in the Greco-Roman milieu.

The appearance of arsenokoitai in 1 Tim 1:10 makes the link to the Mosaic law explicit, since the list of vices of which arsenokoitai is a part are said to be derived from “the law” (1:9). While it is true that the meaning of a compound word does not necessarily add up to the sum of its parts, in this instance it clearly does.

Paul’s own remarks in Romans 1:24-27 also make clear that any “male with male” sexual contact is expressly forbidden as “contrary to nature” and “shamelessness.” Both Church Fathers and developing rabbinic literature reject even semi-official marriages between males and between females as acts that are contrary to nature even when conducted in the context of love and commitment.

There is absolutely no doubt, based on extant evidence, that the term arsenokoitai in 1 Cor 6:9 is correctly translated as “men lying with a male.” If any updating of the NRSV were to be done on 1 Cor 6:9, it should have been done in the direction of translating arsenokoitai as “men lying with a male.” The previous NRSV translation of “sodomites” was not the best translation because “Sodom” is not part of the stem of this Greek noun.

As for the Greek term malakoi, which literally means “soft men” and which NRSV continues to translate as “male prostitutes,” this translation should have been changed to eliminate any restriction to prostitution and any inference that heterosexual relations might be in view. It is more accurately rendered as “males who feminize themselves to attract male sex partners” or even as “male-to-female transgenders.”

What the NRSVue translators have done is to conform the biblical witness to their own ideological biases, biases that mitigate against the overwhelming evidence from morphology and historical context.

*For a more technical discussion of the morphology of arsenokoitai: The compound Greek word arsenokoitai (arsen-o-koi-tai; plural of singular arsenokoitēs) is formed from the Greek words for “lying” (verb keimai; stem kei- adjusted to koi- before the “t” or letter tau) and “male” (arsēn). The word is a neologism created from terms used in the Greek Septuagint translation of the Hebrew Levitical prohibitions of men “lying with a male” (18:22; 20:13). Note that the word for “lying” in the Greek translation of the Hebrew Levitical prohibitions is the noun koitē, also meaning “bed,” which is formed from the verb keimai. The masculine –tēs suffix of the sg. noun arsenokoitēs denotes continuing agency or occupation, roughly equivalent to English -er attached to a noun; hence, “(male) liers with a male.”